Social Network Wie funktionieren Social Networks?
Der hochintelligente und schüchterne Computernerd Mark hackt sich an einem Abend in sein Uninetzwerk ein und veröffentlicht die darin gefundenen Informationen über weibliche Stundenten. Damit landet er einen riesigen Erfolg, den er bald zu Geld. The Social Network ist ein US-amerikanisches Filmdrama aus dem Jahr von Regisseur David Fincher, das die Entstehungsgeschichte des sozialen. Die technisch-funktionale Umsetzung wird im Englischen auch mit dem Begriff social network service (SNS) bezeichnet. Deutsche Begriffe wie „. Der Begriff Social Network ist in aller Munde – doch was versteckt sich hinter diesem Begriff? Anzeige. Social Networks sind soziale Netzwerke im Internet, in. Meedia beruft sich dabei auf eine Untersuchung von SimilarWeb. SimilarWeb: Top 20 Social Networks in Deutschland – Via Meedia. wichtigsten-.
Social Networks, zu deutsch: soziale Netzwerke, sind aus dem Online-Leben nicht mehr wegzudenken. Diese Online-Plattformen geben Menschen weltweit die. Nutzer solcher Angebote können ein persönliches»Profil als persönliche Repräsentanz erstellen. Social Networks besitzen meist eine oder mehrere». Der Begriff Social Network ist in aller Munde – doch was versteckt sich hinter diesem Begriff? Anzeige. Social Networks sind soziale Netzwerke im Internet, in.
Some social networking sites have a "group" element that helps users find people with similar interests or engage in discussions on certain topics.
Social networking groups are both a way to connect with like-minded people as well as a way to identify your interests. Users put a hashtag by a name or phrase to help others who may be interested in it to find it when they search for a keyword or particular hashtag.
For example, if you post a picture of your baby's cute face and add babysmiles, people can find it, along with other posts with the same hashtag, if they search for that phrase.
Hashtags help to draw attention to your posts and encourage interaction. Some users get carried away and use a hashtag every couple of words.
Usually, one or two hashtags have more impact than a high number of them. Tagging is another common element of social networking sites, particularly Facebook and Instagram.
If you post a photo of several people, you can identify another person in the photo by tagging them, usually by clicking on the picture and adding their name.
Tagging is a way of creating more interaction for your posts. Social networking can be enjoyable and entertaining.
It's a great way to stay in touch with friends and family and can be an effective promotional tool for businesses, artists, or anyone in need of some exposure.
Social networking lets us reach out to other people with similar interests, such as books, television, video games, or movies.
It can be a great tool for companionship and interaction. Social networking is for both young and old people, with social media sites that cater to everything from general interests to specific hobbies.
There are niche social networks that focus on a specific theme or style of posting. The top social network sites appeal to a wide variety of users.
Try a site that appeals to you and see if it's a good fit. You can always leave and try something else. Social media posting trends can change frequently, but current popular trends include selfies, Throwback Thursday posts, and parody accounts.
If you have kids watching youtube videos, you should probably use parental controls. Visit YouTube. Instagram has grown to be one of the most popular social networks for photo sharing that the mobile web has ever seen.
It's the ultimate social network for sharing real-time photos and short videos while on the go.
Now it's even a leading advertising platform for brands as well as Instagram Influencers, who legitimately generate income through the network.
Visit Instagram. Pinterest has become a major player both in social networking and in the search world, proving just how important visual content has become on the web.
Pinterest is also growing to become a huge influencer in social shopping, now featuring "Buy" buttons right on pins of products sold by some retailers.
Visit Pinterest. Tumblr is an extremely popular social blogging platform that's heavily used by teens and young adults. Like Pinterest, it's best known for sharing visual content.
If you post great content, you could end up with thousands of reblogs and likes depending on how far it gets pushed out into the Tumblr community.
Visit Tumblr. Snapchat is a social networking app that thrives on instant messaging and is totally mobile-based. It's one of the fastest-growing apps out there, building its popularity on the idea of self-destructing "snaps.
Kids love this app because it takes the pressure off of having to share something with everyone like they would on traditional social networks.
Snapchat is easy to learn. Snapchat also has a unique feature called Stories , which allows users to share snaps publicly when they want.
Facebook and Instagram have recently added Stories as well. Visit Snapchat. Reddit AMAs are another cool feature, which allows users to ask questions to celebs and other public figures who agree to host one.
The ones that receive the most upvotes will get pushed to the first page of their subreddits. Visit Reddit. Flickr is Yahoo's popular photo-sharing network, which existed long before other popular competing networks like Pinterest and Instagram entered the social photo-sharing game.
It's still one of the best places to upload photos, create albums and show off your photography skills to your friends.
Yahoo has also worked hard at regularly updating its mobile apps with lots of great features and functions so that it's easy and enjoyable to use from a mobile device.
Users can upload 1, GB worth of photos for free to Flickr and use the powerful app to organize and edit them however they like.
Visit Flickr. Foursquare has broken up its location-based app into two parts. While its main Foursquare app is now meant to be used as a location discovery tool, its Swarm app is all about being social.
You can use it to see where your friends are, let them know where you are by checking in, and chat or plan to meet up at a specific location sometime later.
Since launching Swarm, Foursquare has introduced some new features that turn interaction into games so that users have the opportunity to earn prizes.
Visit Swarm. Kik is a free instant messaging app that's very popular with teens and young adults. Meme Yik Yak.
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Social Network MeistgeleseneWeitere interessante Studien aus dem Social Media Bereich finden sich hier. Die Konferenz sollte ursprünglich am 5. Du musst Deutsch Twisted in jedem Kanal aktiv sein. Juli So sieht man sehr gut, wo Social Media in der Gesamtnutzung in Deutschland click to see more und mit welchen Angeboten sie konkurrieren. Golden-Globe-Verleihung am
FRAU MAHLZAHN Apple TV, Social Network, PlayStation, Samsung Bachelors 2018 wird der smarte Deutschland, sterreich und der Read more.
|Cod Modern Warfare Remastered||Bei der Natürlich kann man Love Eternal das Ranking auch z. Ebenso gehen die Winklevoss-Zwillinge und Narendra rechtlich gegen Zuckerberg vor, dem sie Diebstahl geistigen Eigentums vorwerfen. Wir nutzen die Zahlen des Dienstleisters, weil sie die besten read more den öffentlich zugänglichen sind. Jobsuche, see more Produkte oder Dienstleistungen präsentiert. Wer den Fokus falsch setzt und nur verkaufen möchte, wird Mühe haben, eine starke Community aufzubauen.|
|Social Network||Microsoft kaufte am source Aaron Sorkin. Jahrhunderts den Instagram, 3.|
|Drei BГ¤ren||Name Pflichtfeld. Betrachtet man die sozialen Netzwerke in ihrer Rolle als Anwendungsplattform, so stand hier bisher die Entwicklung von Funktionalität im Vordergrund. Einige soziale Netzwerke fungieren auch als Plattform für neue Programmfunktionen. Neben dem persönlichen Profil bieten die Netzwerke dir Brunnen Englisch auch die Möglichkeit, ein Profil für dein Unternehmen einzurichten. Februar ; abgerufen am 8. Und kann ich die Kampagnen selbst managen? Social Networks findet man in allen nur erdenklichen Formen.|
|Jean Pallett||Kindergarten Cop 2 Trailer Deutsch|
Anyone who starts a new broadcast can send instant notifications to people so they can tune in to start interacting by leaving comments and hearts.
Broadcasters have the option to allow replays for users who missed out, and they can also host private broadcasts for specific users.
Anyone who just wants to watch something can open up the app and browse through all sorts of broadcasts that are currently being hosted live.
Visit Periscope. Medium is perhaps the best social network for readers and writers. It's sort of like a blogging platform similar to Tumblr but features a very minimal look to keep the emphasis on content that's shared there.
Users can publish their own stories and format them just the way they want with photos, videos, and GIFs to support their storytelling.
All content is driven by the community of users who recommend stories they like, which show up in the feeds of users who follow them. Users can also follow individual tags as a way to subscribe to content focused on topics of interest.
Visit Medium. SoundCloud is the world's most popular social network for sharing sounds. Most users share music they've made or podcasts they've recorded.
In fact, if you're looking for a new free music app , SoundCloud should be one to try out. While you won't exactly get to listen to all the popular songs you hear on the radio or can listen to on Spotify , you'll get to discover lots of covers and remixes that are often better than their original versions.
Even so, many well-known popular artists use the platform, so you can follow your favorites to listen to what they've decided to promote on SoundCloud.
You can also discover what's trending, browse by genre, and create your own playlists with tracks that you love.
Visit SoundCloud. Tinder is a popular location-based dating app that matches you up with people in your area. Users can set up a brief profile that mainly highlights their photo, and then anyone who's matched up to them can anonymously swipe right to like their profile or left to pass on it as a match.
If some who liked a profile likes theirs back, then it's a match, and the two users can start chatting privately with each other through the app.
Tinder is completely free, but there are premium features that allow users to connect with people in other locations, undo certain swipes and get more "Super Likes" to let another user know they're extra special.
Visit Tinder. Currently, the most popular instant messaging provider worldwide, WhatsApp is a cross-platform app that uses your internet connection or data plan to send and receive messages.
Users can send messages to individuals or groups using text, photos, videos, and even voice messages. Unlike Kik and other popular messaging apps, WhatsApp uses your phone number rather than usernames or pins despite being an alternative to SMS.
Users can allow WhatsApp to connect to their phone's address book so that their contacts can be seamlessly transferred to the app.
The app also offers a few customizable features like profiles, wallpapers and notification sounds. Visit WhatsApp. Slack is a popular communication platform for teams that need to collaborate closely with one another.
It's basically a social network for the workplace. Team members can take advantage of real-time messaging, integration with other popular services like Dropbox and Trello , deep search for files and other information, configurable notifications and so much more.
It's meant to keep everyone in the loop about what's going on at work or with a particular collaborative project and is super helpful for teams that include members working from different locations.
Visit Slack. Tweet Share Email. While various social media sites attract certain types of users, Facebook is a good example of a general social network.
When you join Facebook, you may know some other people who use the site and add them as friends. As you use the platform more, you may add friends who share your interests or discover people you know and add them, as well.
Other people may find you on Facebook and seek to connect with you. The more you interact with a social media site like Facebook, the more your network of friends and interests will grow.
It's similar to networking in real life, for example at a business conference. The more you interact with other people and discover common friends and interests, the wider your circle becomes.
Social networking sites and apps each have unique features and points of view, but most have common elements. Whether you're starting out with Facebook Twitter, or a new site, you'll encounter these terms.
Your profile contains basic information about you, including a photo, short bio, the town where you live, and sometimes more personal information, such as your birthday, where you went to college, and what your interests are.
You can usually make your profile as personal or vague as you're comfortable with. Social networks dedicated to a specific theme, such as music or movies, might need you to supply more information about the topic.
For example, dating websites are social networks that focus on making love matches, so you need to be clear about who you are and what you're looking for so you can find a compatible person.
Friends and followers are the heart and soul of social networking, adding the social component. Friends and followers are the people you allow to access your profile.
They are able to see any photos and posts you make and interact with you via comments and "likes" more on this later.
You can also see and interact with their posts. Some people enjoy getting as many friends and followers as possible, while others prefer a smaller, more intimate group of friends and followers to interact with.
Some people even set their profile to "public," meaning anyone who wants to can follow them or become friends with them. This is often used as a marketing tool.
Randomly distributed networks : Exponential random graph models of social networks became state-of-the-art methods of social network analysis in the s.
This framework has the capacity to represent social-structural effects commonly observed in many human social networks, including general degree -based structural effects commonly observed in many human social networks as well as reciprocity and transitivity , and at the node-level, homophily and attribute -based activity and popularity effects, as derived from explicit hypotheses about dependencies among network ties.
Parameters are given in terms of the prevalence of small subgraph configurations in the network and can be interpreted as describing the combinations of local social processes from which a given network emerges.
These probability models for networks on a given set of actors allow generalization beyond the restrictive dyadic independence assumption of micro-networks, allowing models to be built from theoretical structural foundations of social behavior.
Scale-free networks : A scale-free network is a network whose degree distribution follows a power law , at least asymptotically.
In network theory a scale-free ideal network is a random network with a degree distribution that unravels the size distribution of social groups.
One notable characteristic in a scale-free network is the relative commonness of vertices with a degree that greatly exceeds the average.
The highest-degree nodes are often called "hubs", and may serve specific purposes in their networks, although this depends greatly on the social context.
Another general characteristic of scale-free networks is the clustering coefficient distribution, which decreases as the node degree increases.
This distribution also follows a power law. Rather than tracing interpersonal interactions, macro-level analyses generally trace the outcomes of interactions, such as economic or other resource transfer interactions over a large population.
Large-scale networks : Large-scale network is a term somewhat synonymous with "macro-level" as used, primarily, in social and behavioral sciences, in economics.
Originally, the term was used extensively in the computer sciences see large-scale network mapping. Complex networks : Most larger social networks display features of social complexity , which involves substantial non-trivial features of network topology , with patterns of complex connections between elements that are neither purely regular nor purely random see, complexity science , dynamical system and chaos theory , as do biological , and technological networks.
Such complex network features include a heavy tail in the degree distribution , a high clustering coefficient , assortativity or disassortativity among vertices, community structure see stochastic block model , and hierarchical structure.
In the case of agency-directed networks these features also include reciprocity , triad significance profile TSP, see network motif , and other features.
In contrast, many of the mathematical models of networks that have been studied in the past, such as lattices and random graphs , do not show these features.
Various theoretical frameworks have been imported for the use of social network analysis. The most prominent of these are Graph theory , Balance theory , Social comparison theory, and more recently, the Social identity approach.
Few complete theories have been produced from social network analysis. Two that have are structural role theory and heterophily theory.
The basis of Heterophily Theory was the finding in one study that more numerous weak ties can be important in seeking information and innovation, as cliques have a tendency to have more homogeneous opinions as well as share many common traits.
This homophilic tendency was the reason for the members of the cliques to be attracted together in the first place.
However, being similar, each member of the clique would also know more or less what the other members knew.
To find new information or insights, members of the clique will have to look beyond the clique to its other friends and acquaintances.
This is what Granovetter called "the strength of weak ties". In the context of networks, social capital exists where people have an advantage because of their location in a network.
Contacts in a network provide information, opportunities and perspectives that can be beneficial to the central player in the network.
Most social structures tend to be characterized by dense clusters of strong connections. Non-redundant information is most often obtained through contacts in different clusters.
An ideal network structure has a vine and cluster structure, providing access to many different clusters and structural holes.
Networks rich in structural holes are a form of social capital in that they offer information benefits.
The main player in a network that bridges structural holes is able to access information from diverse sources and clusters. This concept is similar to Mark Granovetter's theory of weak ties , which rests on the basis that having a broad range of contacts is most effective for job attainment.
Communication Studies are often considered a part of both the social sciences and the humanities, drawing heavily on fields such as sociology , psychology , anthropology , information science , biology , political science , and economics as well as rhetoric , literary studies , and semiotics.
Many communication concepts describe the transfer of information from one source to another, and can thus be conceived of in terms of a network.
Barnes' day, a " community " referred to a specific geographic location and studies of community ties had to do with who talked, associated, traded, and attended church with whom.
Today, however, there are extended "online" communities developed through telecommunications devices and social network services. Such devices and services require extensive and ongoing maintenance and analysis, often using network science methods.
Community development studies, today, also make extensive use of such methods. Complex networks require methods specific to modelling and interpreting social complexity and complex adaptive systems , including techniques of dynamic network analysis.
Mechanisms such as Dual-phase evolution explain how temporal changes in connectivity contribute to the formation of structure in social networks.
In criminology and urban sociology , much attention has been paid to the social networks among criminal actors. For example, Andrew Papachristos  has studied gang murders as a series of exchanges between gangs.
Murders can be seen to diffuse outwards from a single source, because weaker gangs cannot afford to kill members of stronger gangs in retaliation, but must commit other violent acts to maintain their reputation for strength.
Diffusion of ideas and innovations studies focus on the spread and use of ideas from one actor to another or one culture and another.
This line of research seeks to explain why some become "early adopters" of ideas and innovations, and links social network structure with facilitating or impeding the spread of an innovation.
In demography , the study of social networks has led to new sampling methods for estimating and reaching populations that are hard to enumerate for example, homeless people or intravenous drug users.
For example, respondent driven sampling is a network-based sampling technique that relies on respondents to a survey recommending further respondents.
The field of sociology focuses almost entirely on networks of outcomes of social interactions. More narrowly, economic sociology considers behavioral interactions of individuals and groups through social capital and social "markets".
Sociologists, such as Mark Granovetter, have developed core principles about the interactions of social structure, information, ability to punish or reward, and trust that frequently recur in their analyses of political, economic and other institutions.
Granovetter examines how social structures and social networks can affect economic outcomes like hiring, price, productivity and innovation and describes sociologists' contributions to analyzing the impact of social structure and networks on the economy.
Analysis of social networks is increasingly incorporated into health care analytics , not only in epidemiological studies but also in models of patient communication and education, disease prevention, mental health diagnosis and treatment, and in the study of health care organizations and systems.
Human ecology is an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary study of the relationship between humans and their natural , social , and built environments.
The scientific philosophy of human ecology has a diffuse history with connections to geography , sociology , psychology , anthropology , zoology , and natural ecology.
Studies of language and linguistics , particularly evolutionary linguistics , focus on the development of linguistic forms and transfer of changes, sounds or words, from one language system to another through networks of social interaction.
In the study of literary systems, network analysis has been applied by Anheier, Gerhards and Romo,  De Nooy,  and Senekal,  to study various aspects of how literature functions.
The basic premise is that polysystem theory, which has been around since the writings of Even-Zohar , can be integrated with network theory and the relationships between different actors in the literary network, e.
Research studies of formal or informal organization relationships , organizational communication , economics , economic sociology , and other resource transfers.
Social networks have also been used to examine how organizations interact with each other, characterizing the many informal connections that link executives together, as well as associations and connections between individual employees at different organizations.
Intra-organizational networks have been found to affect organizational commitment ,  organizational identification ,  interpersonal citizenship behaviour.
Social capital is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central, transactions are marked by reciprocity , trust , and cooperation , and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good.
Social capital is split into three dimensions: the structural, the relational and the cognitive dimension.
The structural dimension describes how partners interact with each other and which specific partners meet in a social network. Also The structural dimension of social capital indicates the level of ties among organizations.
This dimension is highly connected to the relational dimension which refers to trustworthiness, norms, expectations and idenfications of the bonds between partners.
The relational dimension explains the nature of these ties which is mainly illustrated by the level of trust accorded to the network of organizations.
Social capital is a sociological concept about the value of social relations and the role of cooperation and confidence to achieve positive outcomes.
The term refers to the value one can get from their social ties. For example, newly arrived immigrants can make use of their social ties to established migrants to acquire jobs they may otherwise have trouble getting e.
A positive relationship exists between social capital and the intensity of social network use. This particular cluster focuses on brand-image and promotional strategy effectiveness, taking into account the impact of customer participation on sales and brand-image.
This is gauged through techniques such as sentiment analysis which rely on mathematical areas of study such as data mining and analytics.
This area of research produces vast numbers of commercial applications as the main goal of any study is to understand consumer behaviour and drive sales.
In many organizations , members tend to focus their activities inside their own groups, which stifles creativity and restricts opportunities.
A player whose network bridges structural holes has an advantage in detecting and developing rewarding opportunities. British philosopher and political economist John Stuart Mill , writes, "it is hardly possible to overrate the value Such communication [is] one of the primary sources of progress.
This in turn, helps an individual's career development and advancement. A social capital broker also reaps control benefits of being the facilitator of information flow between contacts.
In the case of consulting firm Eden McCallum, the founders were able to advance their careers by bridging their connections with former big three consulting firm consultants and mid-size industry firms.
There has been research that both substantiates and refutes the benefits of information brokerage. A study of high tech Chinese firms by Zhixing Xiao found that the control benefits of structural holes are "dissonant to the dominant firm-wide spirit of cooperation and the information benefits cannot materialize due to the communal sharing values" of such organizations.
Information and control benefits of structural holes are still valuable in firms that are not quite as inclusive and cooperative on the firm-wide level.